Religious Response to NRMs. Special attention is to be paid to the role of Holy Scripture, catechesis and evangelization. According to this view, religious history is dominated by cycles rather than by a linear trend toward increasing secularity. A second approach is a more benign rejection of NRMs as a resurgence of gnosticism—especially those groups that emphasize "knowledge," mystical experiences, and freeing the divine within.
Religious movements that emerged after reflect the impact of the West and of Western forms of political, economic, and cultural imperialism. Vietnam, the Philippines, and Indonesia The nations of Southeast Asia also went through periods of dramatic change during the 19th and 20th centuries, experiencing imperialistic conquest, Japanese aggression, and imperial divestiture followed by civil war and sociopolitical turmoil.
Buckminster Fullerand the English rock group the Beatles. Kennedy and the collapse of the American regime in Vietnam in Koresh taught a highly apocalyptic Christianity and identified himself with the Lamb of Revelation 5, which is traditionally associated with Christ.
Many had participated in or experimented with several NRMs before actually joining a specific one. Korea was then divided into two states. The postwar period sparked not only Christian churches—almost 50 percent of Koreans are Christian—but the development of radical forms of Christianity and quasi-Christianity.
The rise of NRMs has also been linked to the dynamics of secularization. Long influenced by both the Chinese and the Japanese, Korea became a battleground in the age of imperialism. Reasons for this trauma may include: Literature published by these organizations assert Christian claims of exclusivism and alert individuals to the "dangers" of cults as the work of the anti-Christ.
The controversies surrounding new religious movements Foundation against Intolerance of Religious Minorities, associated with the Adidam NRM, sees the use of terms "cult" and "cult leader" be used in a deliberately provocative manner. Social pressures and group encapsulation then work to intensify commitment.
From the 19th century onward the newly industrialized and expansionist West advanced into Asia for God, glory, and gold. Its teachings are rooted in the tradition of Nichiren, a 13th-century Japanese Buddhist. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. A widely accepted perspective on the rise of NRMs is the cultural crisis hypothesis.
By some incomprehensible reason, it is not OK to shout "Jew! A review of the relevant talk pages will disclose that this and similar suggestions have been hotly and thoroughly debated recently.
Most new religions failed to comply with such standards. A third approach looks positively on NRMs as legitimate religious phenomena, as presenting new opportunities for inter-religious dialogue, as a challenge for self-evaluation, and as a stimulus for spiritual and ecclesial renewal within mainline religions.
A different interpretation, more in keeping with the traditional assessment that secularization has a corrosive effect on religion, holds that NRMs are a manifestation of, rather than a response to, secularization.
Miller predicted that Christ would return to earth sometime in or Like those of China, Taiwan, Korea, and Southeast Asia, the NRMs of Japan are characterized by high levels of popular participation and volunteerism, with followers running day-to-day operations and converting new adherents. These cultural shocks polarized Americans, delegitimized institutional authority, eroded the politicomoral ideology of American civil religion, and brought about a decisive break with the meaning of the past, especially among many idealist youth.
The first concerns assessment of the social and historical factors that facilitate the rise of such movements. Pastoral Challenge" in response to mounting episcopal concern over the dramatic growth of NRMs among Catholic populations.
The group fell into disgrace after it launched a nerve gas attack on a Tokyo subway. The culture crisis hypothesis holds that NRMs flourish in response to fundamental alterations in the social and meaning structures that integrate a society.
Others have emerged via a dominating scientific perspective or by atheistic rebellion to the established beliefs of their culture.
Irving Hexham and Karla Poewe have consequently proposed that there are NRMs, particularly those who have gained adherents in a number of nations, which can be understood as forming global sub-cultures.
Other theories explain conversion to NRMs as rational choice process in which individuals assess their needs at the time and determine the balance of rewards and costs associated with a particular movement.
The most controversial and best-known qigong group is Falun Gongwhich was founded by Li Hongzhi in RichardsonTimothy Miller and Catherine Wessinger argued that the term "cult" had become too laden with negative connotations, and "advocated dropping its use in academia.
These cultural shocks polarized Americans, delegitimized institutional authority, eroded the politicomoral ideology of American civil religion, and brought about a decisive break with the meaning of the past, especially among many idealist youth.
Viewed from this perspective, secularization is a self-limiting process that actually stimulates the rise of NRMs. By the s, the "baby boom" and the post— World War II transformation of the American class structure had produced a burgeoning youth population whose affluence, social posture, and greater discretionary time facilitated experimentation with a wide variety of living arrangements and life styles.
The list does not include groups that clearly fit the profile of a cult. Their appeal to Westerners may very well lie in their exotic nature and their clear-cut differences from Western religions.
Many participants in NRMs were geographically unsettled, subjectively dissatisfied with their lives, alienated from dominant institutions, and lacking strong communal ties.A new religious movement (NRM) is a faith-based community, or ethical, spiritual, or philosophical group of recent origin.
NRMs may be novel in origin or they may be part of a wider religion, such as Christianity, in which case they will be distinct from pre-existing denominations. A new religious movement (NRM), also known as a new religion or an alternative spirituality, is a religious or spiritual group that has modern origins and which occupies a peripheral place within its society's dominant religious culture.
Religious Movements and the Internet: The New Frontier of Cult Controversies On the face of things, it seemed to confinn the fears that this might be a.
Religious Conversion, Contemporary Practices and Controversies. Christopher Lamb and Darrol Bryant (Eds.). London and New new religious movements and the controversies surrounding those conversions.
Tarnal Krishna Goswami. learn that “cults” or new religious movements can and should be studied like any other social, cultural, and historical phenomena.
Yet the controversy surrounding conﬂict between the new religions and “various non-religious conditions imposed by. The controversy surrounding new religious movements seems to be foremost concerned with whether or not the members of these religions come of their own freewill or if they convert as a necessary and inevitable response to advanced coercion, or brainwashing techniques employed by the cult.Download